Sri Lanka

Census Results


1871-03-27 2,400,380
1881-02-17 2,759,738
1891-02-26 3,007,789
1901-03-01 3,565,954
1911-03-01 4,106,350
1921-03-18 4,497,854
1931-02-26 5,306,863
1946-03-19 6,657,339
1953-03-20 8,097,845
1963-07-08 10,582,064
1971-10-09 12,689,897
1981-03-17 14,846,750
2001-07-17 18,793,604
2012-03-20 20,263,723

General Information


Official name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Official name [native] ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය [Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavā dī Janarajaya] «Sinhalese»
இலங்கை சனநாயக சோஷலிசக் [Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak] «Tamil»
Capital Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
Capital [native] ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ «Sinhalese»
ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டை «Tamil»
Region South-central Asia
ISO code LK
Statistical agency Department of Census and Statistics

Name in Chinese 斯里兰卡民主社会主义共和国
Name in Arabic جمهورية سري لانكا الاشتراكية الديمقراطية
Name in Spanish la República Socialista Democrática de Sri Lanka
Name in Russian Демократическая Социалистическая Республика Шри-Ланка
Name in French la République socialiste démocratique de Sri Lanka

Administrative units

codeprovince
district
capitalarea (sq.km.)population
1981-03-17
census
population
2001-07-17
census
population
2012-03-20
census
1Western (Basnahira) ProvinceColombo3,6843,919,8075,381,1975,821,710
11ColomboColombo6991,699,2412,251,2742,309,809
12GampahaGampaha1,3871,390,8622,063,6842,294,641
13KalutaraKalutara1,598829,7041,066,2391,217,260
2Central (Madhyama) ProvinceKandy5,6742,009,2482,423,9662,558,716
21KandyKandy1,9401,048,3171,279,0281,369,899
22MataleMatale1,993357,354441,328482,229
23Nuwara EliyaNuwara Eliya1,741603,577703,610706,588
3Southern (Dakunu) ProvinceGalle5,4441,882,6612,278,2712,464,732
31GalleGalle1,652814,531990,4871,058,771
32MataraMatara1,283643,786761,370809,344
33HambantotaHambantota2,609424,344526,414596,617
4Northern (Uturu) ProvinceMaangkulam8,8841,109,4041,040,9631,058,762
41JaffnaJaffna1,025738,788490,621583,378
42MannarMannar1,996106,235151,57799,051
43VavuniyaVavuniya1,96795,428149,835171,511
44MullaitivuMullaitivu2,61777,189121,66791,947
45KilinochchiPachchilaipali1,27991,764127,263112,875
5Eastern (Negenahira) ProvinceTrincomalee9,791975,2511,419,6021,551,381
51BatticaloaBatticaloa2,633330,333486,447525,142
52AmparaAmpara4,431388,970592,997648,057
53TrincomaleeTrincomalee2,727255,948340,158378,182
6North-Western (Wayamba) ProvinceKurunegala7,8881,704,3342,169,8922,370,075
61KurunegalaKurunegala4,8161,211,8011,460,2151,610,299
62PuttalamPuttalam3,072492,533709,677759,776
7North Central (Uturumeda) ProvinceAnuradhapura10,472849,4921,104,6771,259,567
71AnuradhapuraAnuradhapura7,179587,929745,693856,232
72PolonnaruwaPolonnaruwa3,293261,563358,984403,335
8Uva ProvinceBadulla8,500914,5221,177,3581,259,900
81BadullaBadulla2,861640,952779,983811,758
82MonaragalaMoneragala5,639273,570397,375448,142
9Sabaragamuwa ProvinceRatnapura4,9681,482,0311,801,3311,918,880
91RatnapuraRatnapura3,275797,0871,015,8071,082,277
92KegalleKegalle1,693684,944785,524836,603
 total 65,61014,846,75018,797,25720,263,723
source: Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka.
note: several districts (mainly Northern and Eastern provinces) were not completely covered during the 2001 census, due to the "prevailing ground situation". The population of these districts is an estimate.
note: 2 - data incomplete
note: 3 - the population of the area which is administrated by Ampara district only include here.
note: The area of Eragama (Irrakamam) and Navithanveli are included in Samanthurai; The area of Kalmunai is included in Sainthamarathu.

Expanded administrative units

codeprovince
district
divisional secretariat
capitalarea (sq.km.)population
1981-03-17
census
population
2001-07-17
census
population
2012-03-20
census
1Western (Basnahira) ProvinceColombo3,6843,919,8075,381,1975,821,710
11ColomboColombo6991,699,2412,251,2742,309,809
03Colombo 18 380,946318,048
30Dehiwala-Mt.Lavinia 8 101,83087,834
15Hanwella 150 94,001113,477
12Homogama 121 186,050236,179
11Kaduwela 88 209,251252,057
36Kesbewa 64 209,619244,062
06Kolonnawa 28 161,247190,817
21Maharagama 38 185,193195,355
33Moratuwa 20 177,563167,160
18Padukka 110 54,33865,167
31Rathmalana 13 108,71695,162
24Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte 17 116,366107,508
27Thimbirigasyaya 24 266,154236,983
12GampahaGampaha1,3871,390,8622,063,6842,294,641
27Attanagalla 149 154,967178,816
39Biyagama 59 161,300186,862
09Divulapitiya 202 128,048143,871
30Dompe 176 130,021153,137
24Gampaha 96 171,040196,445
21Ja-Ela 60 184,666201,154
06Katana 116 222,683233,854
36Kelaniya 20 134,364134,693
33Mahara/Kadawatha 94 176,870207,230
15Minuwangoda 128 151,661178,401
12Mirigama 183 143,663164,166
03Negombo 50 144,274141,676
18Wattala 54 160,127174,336
13KalutaraKalutara1,598829,7041,066,2391,217,260
33Agalawatta 88 33,96236,456
06Bandaragama 56 86,886108,889
24Beruwala 69 144,733164,507
12Bulathsinhala 206 59,78764,635
27Dodamgoda 114 55,05263,705
09Horana 109 90,690112,441
10Ingiriya 90 45,72653,645
21Kalutara 69 141,829159,225
15Madurawala 59 29,75034,245
30Mathugama 128 73,26981,064
18Millaniya 81 44,47652,078
36Palindanuwara (Baduraliya) 276 45,91150,382
03Panadura 44 163,492181,724
39Walallavita 209 50,67654,264
2Central (Madhyama) ProvinceKandy5,6742,009,2482,423,9662,558,716
21KandyKandy1,9401,048,3171,279,0281,369,899
09Akurana 31 55,74463,195
48Delthota 49 29,91730,169
42Doluwa 95 45,27049,480
54Ganga Ihala Korale 94 51,13054,674
33Harispattuwa 49 78,88088,002
34Hatharaliyadda 62 29,10729,866
30Kandy F.G. & Gangawata Korale 59 160,630157,330
27Kundasale 81 107,180127,278
24Medadumbara 196 58,72160,783
21Minipe 250 48,33851,577
15Panvila 93 26,68026,186
57Pasbage Korale 122 57,36559,662
12Pathadumbara 51 80,55888,599
45Pathahewaheta 84 53,84358,031
06Poojapitiya 59 54,17257,879
03Thumpane 54 35,44737,356
18Udadumbara 277 22,83122,408
51Udapalatha 94 86,14591,230
39Udunuwara 68 99,235110,232
36Yatinuwara 72 97,835105,962
22MataleMatale1,993357,354441,328482,229
21Ambaganga Korale 55 15,51515,567
06Dambulla 444 60,97672,082
03Galewela 187 61,84269,715
24Laggala-Pallegama 385 12,39912,087
18Matale 70 68,45174,529
09Naula 276 28,15730,652
12Pallepola 81 27,52029,488
30Rattota 99 49,38251,156
33Ukuwela 77 61,56867,542
27Wilgamuwa 256 26,87029,298
15Yatawatta 63 28,64830,113
23Nuwara EliyaNuwara Eliya1,741603,577703,610706,588
15Ambagamuwa 489 203,717203,976
06Hanguranketha 229 87,76088,055
03Kothmale 225 97,509100,437
12Nuwara Eliya 478 208,190210,968
09Walapane 320 106,434103,152
3Southern (Dakunu) ProvinceGalle5,4441,882,6612,278,2712,464,732
31GalleGalle1,652814,531990,4871,058,771
45Akmeemana 65 63,88178,051
33Ambalangoda 52 71,04756,783
27Baddegama 111 68,63474,732
06Balapitiya 55 65,34667,207
03Bentota  74 46,44249,733
42Bope-Poddala 30 41,61250,050
12Elpitiya 150 60,29264,418
39Galle Four Gravets 24 103,246101,159
Gonapinuwala 27  21,686
54Habaraduwa 53 59,04162,095
36Hikkaduwa 65 98,589101,382
51Imaduwa 67 39,94444,703
09Karandeniya 88 56,12862,278
24Nagoda 179 52,41453,467
21Neluwa 155 27,50128,541
15Niyagama 109 34,33035,238
18Thawalama 178 31,80332,442
30Welivitiya-Divithura 60 26,59929,123
48Yakkalamulla 110 43,63845,683
32MataraMatara1,283643,786761,370809,344
18Akuressa 145 49,80652,676
15Athuraliya 66 30,17932,173
45Devinuwara 36 44,19947,979
48Dickwella 50 51,31454,370
30Hakmana 50 30,20131,464
27Kamburupitiya 61 37,34740,803
33Kirinda-Puhulwella 39 19,48320,135
06Kotapola 176 64,01263,072
32Malimbada 44 31,52434,735
42Matara Four Gravets 53 108,238114,970
12Mulatiyana 118 46,06649,943
09Pasgoda 148 56,14258,869
03Pitabeddara 135 49,32050,827
36Thihagoda 52 30,90933,202
39Weligama 43 66,45972,511
21Welipitiya 67 46,17151,615
33HambantotaHambantota2,609424,344526,414596,617
15Ambalanthota 212 64,36172,664
18Angunakolapelessa 171 42,42648,010
30Beliatta 105 52,28355,743
12Hambantota 349 46,75757,053
24Katuwana 108 62,34446,548
06Lunugamvehera 289 25,22631,424
27Okewela 44 18,24718,919
03Sooriyawewa 192 35,52943,002
33Tangalle 149 62,80071,920
09Thissamaharama 773 60,98267,805
Walasmulla 103  42,099
21Weeraketiya 114 55,45941,430
4Northern (Uturu) ProvinceMaangkulam8,8841,109,4041,040,9631,058,762
41JaffnaJaffna1,025738,788490,621583,378
42Delft 45  3,819
03Islands North (Kayts) 30  9,997
39Islands South (Velanai) 78  16,525
36Jaffna 17  50,759
04Karainagar 22  9,544
33Nallur 38  68,048
30Thenmaradchi (Chavakachcheri) 221  64,685
24Vadamaradchi East (Muruthankerni) 179  12,738
27Vadamaradchi North (Point Pedro) 29  47,389
21Vadamaradchi South-West (Karaveddy) 88  45,628
18Valikamam East (Kopay) 102  73,298
12Valikamam North (Tellippalai)  57  29,546
15Valikamam South (Uduvil) 30  52,833
09Valikamam South-West (Sandilippai) 45  52,226
06Valikamam West (Chankanai) 44  46,343
42MannarMannar1,996106,235151,57799,051
09Madhu 553  7,631
03Mannar Town 212  50,937
06Manthai West 608  14,630
15Musalai 475  8,009
12Nanaddan 148  17,844
43VavuniyaVavuniya1,96795,428149,835171,511
09Vavuniya 614  117,153
03Vavuniya North 745  11,518
06Vavuniya South 200  13,070
12Vengalacheddiculam 408  29,770
44MullaitivuMullaitivu2,61777,189121,66791,947
06Mantai East 490  6,929
15Maritimepattu 789  28,909
12Oddusuddan    15,658
09Puthukudiyiruppu 1,009  23,770
03Thunukkai 329  9,732
Welioya    6,949
45KilinochchiPachchilaipali1,27991,764127,263112,875
06Kandavalai 318  23,003
09Karachchi 358  61,137
03Pachchilaipalli 164  8,510
12Poonakary 439  20,225
5Eastern (Negenahira) ProvinceTrincomalee9,791975,2511,419,6021,551,381
51BatticaloaBatticaloa2,633330,333486,447525,142
12Eravur Pattu (2) 634 55,45875,136
15Eravur Town 4 22,13324,632
24Kattankudy 4 35,08840,237
09Koralai Pattu (Valachenai) (2) 485 32,79223,317
04Koralai Pattu Central    25,643
03Koralai Pattu North (Vaharai) (2) 550 2,14021,512
10Koralai Pattu South (Kiran)    26,061
06Koralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi) (2) 176 21,65922,144
18Manmunai North 75 80,31386,028
27Manmunai Pattu (Araipattai) 32 25,90830,583
36Manmunai South & Eruvil Pattu 53 53,89660,694
30Manmunai South-West (2,3) 162 16224,673
21Manmunai West (2) 293 9528,392
33Porativu Pattu (2,3) 167 34036,090
52AmparaAmpara4,431388,970592,997648,057
33Addalachchenai 53 36,02042,165
36Akkaraipattu 102 34,93939,223
39Alayadiwembu 128 22,62722,411
15Ampara 225 38,16643,720
42Damana 426 35,34338,489
03Dehiattakandiya 433 63,90859,628
34Irakkamam   11,34414,373
24Kalmunai   70,46544,509
23Kalmunai Tamil Division    29,713
27Karaitheevu 31 16,36516,781
51Lahugala 617 7,6238,900
09Mahaoya 600 18,12320,715
16Navithanveli   17,06518,672
30Ninthavur 56 24,62526,329
06Padiyathalawa 464 15,97118,209
48Pothuvil 368 28,48034,749
25Sainthamaruthu 67 24,11425,412
18Sammanthurai 257 51,51060,596
45Thirukkovil 191 23,70025,187
12Uhana 416 52,60958,276
53TrincomaleeTrincomalee2,727255,948340,158378,182
09Gomarankadawala 285 5,1747,339
21Kantalai 397 41,13946,641
24Kinniya 147 55,46864,451
06Kuchchaveli 313 21,59033,100
12Morawewa 322 4,8777,946
27Muttur 179  56,379
03Padavi Sri Pura 217 10,99611,858
30Seruvila (2) 377 10,25913,546
18Thambalagamuwa 244 25,53828,356
15Trincomalee Town and Gravets (2) 148 25,63797,234
33Verugal (Echchilampattu) 98  11,332
6North-Western (Wayamba) ProvinceKurunegala7,8881,704,3342,169,8922,370,075
61KurunegalaKurunegala4,8161,211,8011,460,2151,610,299
84Alawwa 128 59,08263,381
12Ambanpola 138 19,96422,833
49Bamunakotuwa 109 20,70236,023
42Bingiriya 180 55,76361,976
09Ehetuwewa 175 23,07625,695
06Galgamuwa 266 47,84454,910
33Ganewatta 148 36,81239,909
03Giribawa 205 28,09331,320
30Ibbagamuwa 213 76,34484,083
39Kobeigane 127 32,23035,797
15Kotavehera 181 19,27321,171
69Kuliyapitiya East 102 46,96653,827
72Kuliyapitiya West 165 71,48377,222
54Kurunegala 109 88,94480,395
24Maho 254 50,57656,985
57Mallawapitiya 79 46,57552,398
51Maspotha 53 18,85034,116
60Mawathagama 105 56,82065,555
81Narammala 114 51,24455,931
21Nikaweratiya 146 36,37040,203
45Panduwasnuwara 176 69,88863,492
48Panduwasnuwara East 53 27,57532,291
78Pannala 277 114,438123,551
87Polgahawela 95 58,76264,917
27Polpithigama 409 67,26375,119
18Rasnayakapura 125 18,81421,838
63Rideegama 220 80,47388,076
75Udubaddawa 117 48,80051,972
36Wariyapola 201 56,88061,141
66Weerambugedara 88 30,31134,172
62PuttalamPuttalam3,072492,533709,677759,776
24Anamaduwa 238 33,30238,171
30Arachchikattuwa 154 38,09240,737
33Chilaw 98 59,89062,475
48Dankotuwa 78 59,38662,196
03Kalpitiya 167 81,78086,019
09Karuwalagaswewa 502 20,22523,376
36Madampe 84 43,52247,832
21Mahakumbukkadawala 173 16,90518,576
39Mahawewa 73 48,86150,628
18Mundel 221 56,29461,374
42Nattandiya 72 57,68662,106
12Nawagattegama 163 12,95614,412
27Pallama 119 22,41024,379
15Puttalam 175 71,09182,041
06Vanathavilluwa 716 16,46017,399
45Wennappuwa 39 70,81768,055
7North Central (Uturumeda) ProvinceAnuradhapura10,472849,4921,104,6771,259,567
71AnuradhapuraAnuradhapura7,179587,929745,693856,232
27Galenbindunuwewa 291 40,88846,527
63Galnewa 138 30,34434,718
24Horowpothana 845 29,64236,714
60Ipalogama 147 32,93338,688
21Kahatagasdigiliya 352 33,57240,137
06Kebithigollewa 615 19,45722,227
54Kekirawa 331 52,10758,879
12Mahavilachchiya 635 18,55722,183
09Medawachchiya 482 40,46946,743
30Mihinthale 228 26,78635,160
36Nachchadoowa 87 21,77225,259
39Nochchiyagama 813 41,60149,730
15Nuwaragam Palatha Central 403 53,66560,828
33Nuwaragam Palatha East 91 65,67169,590
03Padaviya 240 21,14622,924
66Palagala 225 29,83733,740
57Palugaswewa 201 14,63515,557
42Rajanganaya 101 30,18633,434
18Rambewa 309 31,60436,426
48Thalawa 234 50,91957,663
45Thambuttegama 117 36,52442,143
51Thirappane 294 23,37826,962
72PolonnaruwaPolonnaruwa3,293261,563358,984403,335
12Dimbulagala 534 63,34979,234
18Elahera 349 39,90843,499
03Hingurakgoda 696 60,86963,720
09Lankapura 184 33,67636,424
06Medirigiriya 537 57,89964,926
15Thamankaduwa 445 74,22482,138
10Welikanda 548 29,05933,394
8Uva ProvinceBadulla8,500914,5221,177,3581,259,900
81BadullaBadulla2,861640,952779,983811,758
21Badulla 51 70,23074,751
33Bandarawela 71 60,26965,111
36Ella 111 42,89444,763
42Haldummulla 412 38,22337,482
24Hali-Ela 165 87,47690,179
39Haputale 72 50,73548,485
12Kandaketiya 157 22,49423,189
19Lunugala 144 33,07931,092
03Mahiyanganaya 601 67,30175,327
09Meegahakivula 105 18,65019,540
18Passara 136 49,19048,576
06Rideemaliyadda 431 45,75951,435
15Soranathota 79 22,76022,495
27Uva Paranagama 138 76,52478,899
30Welimada 188 94,399100,434
82MonaragalaMoneragala5,639273,570397,375448,142
18Badalkumbura 230 36,78439,880
03Bibile 476 35,49040,132
24Buttala 711 47,32452,476
27Katharagama 552 16,29718,148
06Madulla 708 28,35831,188
09Medagama 235 32,46735,611
15Moneragala 286 42,45749,631
33Sevanagala 176 36,82041,639
12Siyambalanduwa 1,055 47,43853,059
30Thanamalvila 633 23,17226,608
21Wellawaya 577 50,76859,770
9Sabaragamuwa ProvinceRatnapura4,9681,482,0311,801,3311,918,880
91RatnapuraRatnapura3,275797,0871,015,8071,082,277
30Ayangama 165 28,63730,584
18Balangoda 271 77,30381,105
03Eheliyagoda 141 63,87070,713
27Elapatha 82 36,32237,606
48Embilipitiya 388 119,563133,600
42Godakawela 155 69,12375,885
15Imbulpe 256 55,54659,283
39Kahawatta 103 42,46843,026
33Kalawana 379 48,66950,968
09Kiriella 81 30,88132,457
51Kolonna 176 43,69345,709
06Kuruvita 174 85,88295,280
36Nivithigala 156 59,09259,973
21Opanayaka 80 25,47026,531
24Pelmadulla 146 84,96689,411
12Ratnapura 324 115,223119,368
45Weligepola 198 29,09930,778
92KegalleKegalle1,693684,944785,524836,603
09Aranayaka 128 66,19868,147
24Bulathkohupitiya 127 45,57346,813
30Dehiovita 193 73,99181,441
33Deraniyagala 226 44,73545,479
15Galigamuwa 130 69,10473,942
12Kegalle 106 87,63790,494
06Mawanella 118 100,192111,307
03Rambukkana 132 75,92582,373
21Ruwanwella 147 58,89263,313
18Warakapola 199 106,038112,583
27Yatiyanthota 187 57,23960,711
 total 65,61014,846,75018,797,25720,263,723
source: Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka.
note: several districts (mainly Northern and Eastern provinces) were not completely covered during the 2001 census, due to the "prevailing ground situation". The population of these districts is an estimate.
note: 2 - data incomplete
note: 3 - the population of the area which is administrated by Ampara district only include here.
note: The area of Eragama (Irrakamam) and Navithanveli are included in Samanthurai; The area of Kalmunai is included in Sainthamarathu.

Main cities

namepopulation
1981-03-17
census
population
2001-07-17
census
Colombo587,647647,100
Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia173,529210,546
Moratuwa134,826177,563
Negombo60,762121,701
Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte101,039116,366
Kandy97,872109,343
source: Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka.