India

Census Results


1901-03-01 238,396,327
1911-03-10 252,093,390
1921-03-18 251,321,213
1931-02-26 278,977,238
1941-03-01 318,660,580
1951-03-01 361,088,090
1961-03-01 439,234,771
1971-04-01 548,159,652
1981-03-01 683,329,097
1991-03-01 843,387,888
2001-03-01 1,028,610,328
2011-03-01 1,210,854,977

General Information


Official name the Republic of India
Official name [native] the Republic of India «English»
भारत गणराज्य [Bhāratīya Gaṇarājya] «Hindi»
Capital New Delhi
Capital [native] New Delhi «English»
नई दिल्ली  [Naī Dillī] «Hindi»
Region South-central Asia
ISO code IN
Statistical agency The Office of Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India

Name in Chinese 印度共和国
Name in Arabic جمهورية الهند
Name in Spanish la República de la India
Name in Russian Республика Индия
Name in French la République de l'Inde

Administrative units

codeadministrative unitscapitalarea (sq.km.)population
2001-03-01
census
population
2011-03-01
census
35 »Andaman & Nicobar Islands (UT)Port Blair8,249356,152380,581
28 »Andhra PradeshHyderabad275,04576,210,00784,580,777
12 »Arunachal PradeshItanagar83,7431,097,9681,383,727
18 »AssamDispur78,43826,655,52831,205,576
10 »BiharPatna94,16382,998,509104,099,452
04Chandigarh (UT)Chandigarh114900,6351,055,450
22 »ChhattisgarhRaipur135,19120,833,80325,545,198
26Dadra & Nagar Haveli (UT)Silvassa491220,490343,709
25 »Daman & Diu (UT)Daman111158,204243,247
30 »GoaPanaji3,7021,347,6681,458,545
24 »GujaratGandhinagar196,24450,671,01760,439,692
06 »HaryanaChandigarh44,21221,144,56425,351,462
02 »Himachal PradeshSimla55,6736,077,9006,864,602
01 »Jammu & KashmirSrinagar222,23610,143,70012,541,302
20 »JharkhandRanchi79,71626,945,82932,988,134
29 »KarnatakaBangalore191,79152,850,56261,095,297
32 »KeralaThiruvananthapuram38,85231,841,37433,406,061
31Lakshadweep (UT)Kavaratti3060,65064,473
23 »Madhya PradeshBhopal308,25260,348,02372,626,809
27 »MaharashtraMumbai307,71396,878,627112,374,333
14 »ManipurImphal22,3272,293,8962,855,794
17 »MeghalayaShillong22,4292,318,8222,966,889
15 »MizoramAizawl21,081888,5731,097,206
13 »NagalandKohima16,5791,990,0361,978,502
07 »NCT of Delhi (UT)Delhi1,48313,850,50716,787,941
21 »OdishaBhubaneswar155,70736,804,66041,974,218
34 »Puducherry (UT)Puducherry490974,3451,247,953
03 »PunjabChandigarh50,36224,358,99927,743,338
08 »RajasthanJaipur342,23956,507,18868,548,437
11 »SikkimGangtok7,096540,851610,577
33 »Tamil NaduChennai130,06062,405,67972,147,030
16 »TripuraAgartala10,4863,199,2033,673,917
09 »Uttar PradeshLucknow240,928166,197,921199,812,341
05 »UttarakhandDehra Dun53,4838,489,34910,086,292
19 »West BengalCalcutta88,75280,176,19791,276,115
 total 3,287,4691,028,610,3281,210,854,977
source: Census of India.
note: Chandigarh is both the capital of Haryana and Punjab, and a separate Union Territory of itself.
note: UT - Union Territory.

Agglomerations

namepopulation
1991-03-01
census
population
2001-03-01
census
population
2011-03-01
prelim. census
Greater Mumbai12,596,24316,368,08418,414,288
Delhi8,419,08412,791,45816,314,838
Kolkata11,021,91813,216,54614,112,536
Chennai5,421,9856,424,6248,696,010
Bangalore4,130,2885,686,8448,499,399
Hyderabad4,344,4375,533,6407,749,334
Ahmadabad3,312,2164,519,2786,352,254
Pune2,493,9873,755,5255,049,968
Surat1,518,9502,811,4664,585,367
Jaipur..2,324,3193,073,350
Kanpur2,029,8892,690,4862,920,067
Lucknow1,669,2042,266,9332,901,474
Nagpur1,664,0062,122,9652,497,777
Ghaziabad....2,358,525
Indore..1,639,0442,167,447
Coimbatore1,100,7461,446,0342,151,466
Kochi1,140,6051,355,4062,117,990
Patna1,099,6471,707,4292,046,652
Kozhikode....2,030,519
Bhopal..1,454,8301,883,381
Thrissur....1,854,783
Vadodara1,126,8241,492,3981,817,191
Agra948,0631,321,4101,746,467
Visakhapatnam (GVMC)1,057,1181,329,4721,730,320
Malappuram....1,698,645
Thiruvananthapuram....1,687,406
Kannur....1,642,892
Ludhiana..1,395,0531,613,878
Nashik725,3411,152,0481,562,769
Vijayawada845,7561,011,1521,491,202
Madurai1,085,9141,194,6651,462,420
Varanasi1,030,8631,211,7491,435,113
Meerut849,7991,167,3991,424,908
Faridabad..1,054,9811,404,653
Rajkot654,4901,002,1601,390,933
Jamshedpur..1,101,8041,337,131
Srinagar....1,273,312
Jabalpur..1,117,2001,267,564
Asansol763,9391,090,1711,243,008
Vasai Virar City....1,221,233
Allahabad844,5461,049,5791,216,719
Dhanbad815,0051,064,3571,195,298
Aurangabad....1,189,376
Amritsar..1,011,3271,183,705
Jodhpur....1,137,815
Ranchi....1,126,741
Raipur....1,122,555
Kollam....1,110,005
Gwalior....1,101,981
Durg-Bhilainagar....1,064,077
Chandigarh....1,025,682
Tiruchirappalli....1,021,717
Kota....1,001,365
source: Census of India.
note: Data for 2011 is based on preliminary results of the 2011 census.

Main cities

namepopulation
1991-03-01
census
population
2001-03-01
census
population
2011-03-01
prelim. census
Greater Mumbai9,925,89111,914,39812,478,447
Delhi7,206,7049,817,43911,007,835
Bangalore2,660,0884,292,2238,425,970
Greater Hyderabad2,964,6383,449,8786,809,970
Ahmadabad2,876,7103,515,3615,570,585
Chennai3,841,3964,216,2684,681,087
Kolkata4,399,8194,580,5444,486,679
Surat1,498,8172,433,7874,462,002
Pune1,566,6512,540,0693,115,431
Jaipur..2,324,3193,073,350
Lucknow1,619,1152,207,3402,815,601
Kanpur1,874,4092,532,1382,767,031
Nagpur1,624,7522,051,3202,405,421
Indore..1,597,4411,960,631
Thane803,3891,261,5171,818,872
Bhopal1,062,7711,433,8751,795,648
Visakhapatnam....1,730,320
Pimpri Chinchwad..1,006,4171,729,359
Patna917,2431,376,9501,683,200
Vadodara1,031,3461,306,0351,666,703
Ghaziabad....1,636,068
Ludhiana1,042,7401,395,0531,613,878
Agra891,7901,259,9791,574,542
Nashik656,9251,076,9671,486,973
Faridabad617,7171,054,9811,404,653
Meerut753,7781,074,2291,309,023
Rajkot....1,286,995
Kalyan-Dombivali..1,193,2661,246,381
Vasai Virar City....1,221,233
Varanasi929,2701,100,7481,201,815
Aurangabad....1,171,330
Dhanbad....1,161,561
Amritsar....1,132,761
Navi Mumbai....1,119,477
Allahabad....1,117,094
Ranchi....1,073,440
Haora950,4351,008,7041,072,161
Coimbatore....1,061,447
Jabalpur....1,054,336
Gwalior....1,053,505
Vijayawada....1,048,240
Jodhpur....1,033,918
Madurai....1,016,885
Raipur....1,010,087
Kota....1,001,365
source: Census of India.
note: City data for 2011 is based on preliminary results of the 2011 census.