Global agricultural statistics

Agriculture is basically the growing of crops (plants) and the rearing of animals to provide food, clothing and other products. Crops can be further divided into several main kinds: cereals, fruit and vegetables. These are all edible, but there are also crops that are used to create clothing (for instance cottonseed), oil (linseed, olives (also edible)) or drinks (coffee, tea).
Below are lists of the main producers of several kinds of well known crops.

Various crops


Apples2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total70,581,500100.0%76,378,700100.0%
China33,263,00047.1%37,000,00048.4%
USA4,214,6006.0%4,110,0505.4%
Turkey2,600,0003.7%2,889,0003.8%
Poland1,877,9102.7%2,877,3403.8%
India1,777,2002.5%2,203,4002.9%
Italy2,204,9703.1%1,991,3102.6%
Iran1,662,4302.4%1,700,0002.2%
Chile1,624,2402.3%1,625,0002.1%
Russian Federation992,0001.4%1,403,0001.8%
France1,788,4302.5%1,382,9001.8%

Bananas2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total105,726,000100.0%101,993,000100.0%
India29,780,00028.2%24,869,50024.4%
China9,561,0009.0%10,550,00010.3%
Philippines9,101,3408.6%9,226,0009.0%
Ecuador7,931,0607.5%7,012,2406.9%
Brazil6,969,3106.6%6,902,1806.8%
Indonesia5,755,0705.4%6,189,0506.1%
Angola2,047,9601.9%2,991,4502.9%
Guatemala2,637,1202.5%2,700,0002.6%
Tanzania3,155,7103.0%2,524,7402.5%
Mexico2,103,3602.0%2,203,8602.2%

Grapes2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total67,460,100100.0%67,067,100100.0%
China8,549,00012.7%9,600,00014.3%
USA6,777,73010.0%6,661,8209.9%
Italy7,787,80011.5%5,819,0108.7%
France5,794,4308.6%5,338,5108.0%
Spain6,107,6209.1%5,238,3007.8%
Turkey4,255,0006.3%4,275,6606.4%
Chile2,903,8904.3%3,200,0004.8%
Argentina2,616,6103.9%2,800,0004.2%
Iran2,255,6703.3%2,150,0003.2%
South Africa1,743,5002.6%1,839,0302.7%

Lemons and limes2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total15,046,400100.0%15,118,500100.0%
China2,040,50013.6%2,300,00015.2%
India2,629,20017.5%2,200,00014.6%
Mexico1,891,40012.6%2,070,76013.7%
Argentina1,113,3807.4%1,300,0008.6%
Brazil1,020,7406.8%1,208,2808.0%
USA800,1375.3%771,1105.1%
Turkey787,0635.2%759,7115.0%
Spain717,9064.8%625,7004.1%
Iran689,8134.6%600,0004.0%
Italy522,3773.5%346,3252.3%

Oranges2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total69,045,500100.0%68,223,800100.0%
Brazil18,503,10026.8%18,012,60026.4%
USA7,477,92010.8%8,166,48012.0%
China5,418,0007.8%6,500,0009.5%
India5,966,4008.6%5,000,0007.3%
Mexico4,051,6305.9%3,666,7905.4%
Spain3,114,8004.5%2,933,8004.3%
Egypt2,401,0203.5%2,786,4004.1%
Italy2,393,6603.5%1,770,5002.6%
Turkey1,710,5002.5%1,662,0002.4%
South Africa1,414,5902.0%1,612,8302.4%

Pears2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total22705600100.0%23580800100.0%
China1505700066.3%1610000068.3%
USA7380853.3%7785823.3%
Argentina7042423.1%7000003.0%
Italy7366463.2%6455402.7%
Turkey3800031.7%4396561.9%
Spain4766862.1%4006001.7%
South Korea3078201.4%3945961.7%
India3360491.5%3400001.4%
South Africa3684951.6%3385841.4%
Japan2849001.3%2990001.3%

Dates2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total7,557,550100.0%7,548,920100.0%
Egypt1,352,95017.9%1,470,00019.5%
Iran1,023,13013.5%1,066,00014.1%
Saudi Arabia991,54613.1%1,050,00013.9%
Algeria644,7418.5%789,35710.5%
Iraq567,6687.5%650,0008.6%
Pakistan524,0416.9%600,0007.9%
Sudan (former)431,0005.7%433,5005.7%
Oman276,4053.7%270,0003.6%
United Arab Emirates825,30010.9%250,0003.3%
Tunisia174,0002.3%190,0002.5%

Figs2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total1,100,550100.0%1,093,190100.0%
Turkey254,83823.2%274,53525.1%
Egypt184,97216.8%171,06215.6%
Algeria123,76311.2%110,05810.1%
Morocco109,73510.0%102,6949.4%
Iran76,4146.9%78,0007.1%
Syrian Arab Republic40,9663.7%41,2243.8%
USA37,1133.4%35,0723.2%
Brazil25,7272.3%28,0102.6%
Albania18,3871.7%27,2552.5%
Tunisia26,0002.4%25,0002.3%

Coconuts2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total60,295,800100.0%62,139,500100.0%
Indonesia18,000,00029.9%19,400,00031.2%
Philippines15,510,30025.7%15,862,40025.5%
India10,840,00018.0%10,560,00017.0%
Brazil2,843,4504.7%2,931,5304.7%
Sri Lanka1,990,4403.3%2,224,5003.6%
Viet Nam1,162,2001.9%1,272,7002.0%
Papua New Guinea1,210,0002.0%1,210,0001.9%
Thailand1,298,1502.2%1,057,0001.7%
Mexico1,156,8001.9%1,050,0001.7%
Malaysia550,1400.9%606,5301.0%

Cassava2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total243,053,000100.0%269,126,000100.0%
Nigeria42,533,20017.5%54,000,00020.1%
Thailand22,005,7009.1%29,848,00011.1%
Indonesia23,918,1009.8%24,177,4009.0%
Brazil24,967,10010.3%23,044,6008.6%
Congo, DR15,013,7006.2%16,000,0005.9%
Ghana13,504,1005.6%14,547,3005.4%
Angola13,858,7005.7%10,636,4004.0%
Mozambique9,738,0704.0%10,051,4003.7%
Viet Nam8,595,6003.5%9,745,5503.6%
India8,059,8003.3%8,746,5003.2%

Coffee (green)2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total8,431,020100.0%8,826,900100.0%
Brazil2,907,27034.5%3,037,53034.4%
Viet Nam1,105,70013.1%1,292,39014.6%
Indonesia684,0768.1%657,2007.4%
Colombia535,3806.4%464,6405.3%
India289,6003.4%314,0003.6%
Peru264,6053.1%303,2643.4%
Honduras229,3682.7%300,0003.4%
Ethiopia370,5694.4%275,5303.1%
Guatemala247,5012.9%248,0002.8%
Mexico245,2712.9%246,1212.8%

Cottonseed2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total43,295,300100.0%48,872,400100.0%
China11,940,00027.6%13,680,00028.0%
India11,543,80026.7%11,816,60024.2%
USA5,532,10012.8%5,140,11010.5%
Pakistan3,664,6008.5%4,095,0008.4%
Brazil1,858,4004.3%3,130,5106.4%
Uzbekistan1,900,0004.4%1,955,0004.0%
Australia550,0001.3%1,693,5003.5%
Turkey1,272,8002.9%1,373,4402.8%
Greece390,0000.9%425,0000.9%
Turkmenistan451,0001.0%396,0000.8%

Sugar beet2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total228,584,000100.0%269,825,000100.0%
Russian Federation22,255,9009.7%45,057,00016.7%
France31,874,80013.9%33,688,40012.5%
USA29,060,80012.7%31,954,70011.8%
Germany23,431,90010.3%27,891,00010.3%
Ukraine13,749,0006.0%18,438,9006.8%
Turkey17,942,1007.8%15,000,0005.6%
Poland9,972,6004.4%12,349,5004.6%
China9,296,0004.1%11,469,1004.3%
Egypt7,840,3003.4%9,126,0603.4%
United Kingdom6,527,0002.9%7,291,0002.7%

Sugar cane2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total1,700,650,000100.0%1,842,270,000100.0%
Brazil717,464,00042.2%721,077,00039.1%
India292,302,00017.2%361,037,00019.6%
China110,789,0006.5%123,461,0006.7%
Thailand68,807,8004.0%98,400,0005.3%
Pakistan49,372,9002.9%58,397,0003.2%
Mexico50,421,6003.0%50,946,5002.8%
Colombia33,300,0002.0%33,363,6001.8%
Philippines28,000,0001.6%32,000,0001.7%
USA24,820,6001.5%29,235,9001.6%
Indonesia26,600,0001.6%28,700,0001.6%

Tea2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total4,572,250100.0%4,818,120100.0%
China1,450,00031.7%1,700,00035.3%
India991,18221.7%1,000,00020.8%
Kenya399,0068.7%369,4007.7%
Sri Lanka331,4007.2%330,0006.8%
Turkey235,0005.1%225,0004.7%
Viet Nam198,4664.3%216,9004.5%
Iran (Islamic Republic of)165,7173.6%158,0003.3%
Indonesia150,3423.3%150,1003.1%
Argentina88,5741.9%100,0002.1%
Japan85,0001.9%85,9001.8%

Tobacco2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total6,892,83092.0%7,490,660100.0%
China3,004,00040.1%3,200,00042.7%
India690,0009.2%875,00011.7%
Brazil787,81710.5%810,55010.8%
USA325,7664.3%345,8374.6%
Indonesia135,7001.8%226,7003.0%
Malawi172,9222.3%151,5002.0%
Argentina137,0001.8%148,0002.0%
Tanzania60,9000.8%120,0001.6%
Zimbabwe109,7371.5%115,0001.5%
Pakistan119,3231.6%98,0001.3%

Tomatoes2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total152,008,000100.0%161,794,000100.0%
China46,760,00030.8%50,000,00030.9%
India12,433,2008.2%17,500,00010.8%
USA12,858,7008.5%13,207,0008.2%
Turkey10,052,0006.6%11,350,0007.0%
Egypt8,544,9905.6%8,625,2205.3%
Iran5,256,1103.5%6,000,0003.7%
Italy6,024,8004.0%5,131,9803.2%
Spain4,312,7102.8%4,007,0002.5%
Brazil4,106,8502.7%3,873,9902.4%
Mexico2,997,6402.0%3,433,5702.1%

Yams2010% of total 20102012% of total 2012
World Total53,557,000100.0%59,519,900100.0%
Nigeria34,162,10063.8%38,000,00063.8%
Ghana5,960,49011.1%6,638,87011.2%
Côte d'Ivoire5,392,37010.1%5,674,7009.5%
Benin2,624,0104.9%2,739,0904.6%
Ethiopia339,7400.6%1,117,7301.9%
Togo710,4811.3%864,4081.5%
Cameroon499,5640.9%537,8020.9%
Central African Republic435,0000.8%460,0000.8%
Chad414,9000.8%420,0000.7%
Cuba395,4610.7%366,1820.6%

Source: FAO.
Note: all numbers refer to production in metric tonnes.